Articles: Iraq War

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Pentagon report predicted West’s support for Islamist rebels would create ISIS

22 May 2015 | Nafeez Ahmed

According to the newly declassified US document, the Pentagon foresaw the likely rise of the ‘Islamic State’ as a direct consequence of this strategy, and warned that it could destabilize Iraq. Despite anticipating that Western, Gulf state and Turkish support for the “Syrian opposition” — which included al-Qaeda in Iraq — could lead to the emergence of an ‘Islamic State’ in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), the document provides no indication of any decision to reverse the policy of support to the Syrian rebels. On the contrary, the emergence of an al-Qaeda affiliated “Salafist Principality” as a result is described as a strategic opportunity to isolate Assad.

Research Paper: ISIS-Turkey Links

9 November 2014 | Huffington Post

Is Turkey collaborating with the Islamic State (ISIS)? Allegations range from military cooperation and weapons transfers to logistical support, financial assistance, and the provision of medical services. It is also alleged that Turkey turned a blind eye to ISIS attacks against Kobani.

Australia ‘has Iraq oil interest’

5 July 2007 | BBC News

Australian Defence Minister Brendan Nelson has admitted that securing oil supplies is a key factor behind the presence of Australian troops in Iraq.

Blood and oil: How the West will profit from Iraq's most precious commodity

7 January 2007 | Independent

The ‘IoS’ today reveals a draft for a new law that would give Western oil companies a massive share in the third largest reserves in the world. To the victors, the oil? That is how some experts view this unprecedented arrangement with a major Middle East oil producer that guarantees investors huge profits for the next 30 years.

US military honoured in secret by Britain

18 June 2006 | Observer

The government has been secretly awarding honours to senior figures in the US military and foreign businessmen with lucrative public sector contracts.

Unreported: The Zarqawi Invitation

9 June 2006 | Greg Palast

They got him — the big, bad, beheading berserker in Iraq. But, something's gone unreported in all the glee over getting Zarqawi... who invited him into Iraq in the first place?

Iraq bases spur questions over US plans

30 March 2006 | BBC News

The Pentagon has requested hundreds of millions of dollars in emergency funds for military construction in Iraq, fanning the debate about US long-term intentions there.

Iran accuses UK of bombing link

25 January 2006 | BBC News

Iran has accused the UK of co-operating with bombers who killed eight people in attacks in the restive south-western city of Ahwaz on Tuesday.

The Real News in the Downing Street Memos

23 June 2005 | Los Angeles Times

It is now nine months since I obtained the first of the “Downing Street memos,” thrust into my hand by someone who asked me to meet him in a quiet watering hole in London for what I imagined would just be a friendly drink.

The leaked Iraq war documents

19 June 2005 | Times

The level of interest in the now famous Downing Street Memo, published in the May 1 edition of the Sunday Times, and in the leaked documents published over subsequent weeks, has been extraordinary.

Audits find flaws in U.S. handling of Iraq deals

4 May 2005 | Reuters

The United States has carelessly, and possibly fraudulently, handled some Iraqi money meant for rebuilding and poorly managed billions of dollars of U.S.-funded contracts, said U.S. audits released on Wednesday.

Blair hit by new leak of secret war plan

1 May 2005 | Times

A Secret document from the heart of government reveals today that Tony Blair privately committed Britain to war with Iraq and then set out to lure Saddam Hussein into providing the legal justification.

Blair's forgotten victims

25 April 2005 | John Pilger

By voting for Blair, you will walk over the corpses of at least 100,000 people, most of them innocent, slaughtered in defiance of international law.

Secret US plans for Iraq's oil

17 March 2005 | Greg Palast, Newsnight

The Bush administration made plans for war and for Iraq's oil before the 9/11 attacks, sparking a policy battle between neo-cons and Big Oil, BBC's Newsnight has revealed.

Kelly death paramedics query verdict

12 December 2004 | Observer

The Hutton inquiry found that the scientist caught in the storm over the ‘sexed up’ Iraq dossier committed suicide. Now, for the first time, the experienced ambulance crew who were among the first on the scene tell of their doubts about the decision.

The real reasons Bush went to war

28 July 2004 | Guardian

WMD was the rationale for invading Iraq. But what was really driving the US were fears over oil and the future of the dollar.

Saddam reached deal with US before attack: Primakov

25 June 2004 | Agence France-Presse

Former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein cut a deal with the United States before the March 2003 invasion of Iraq, former Russian prime minister Yevgeny Primakov said in an interview published on Thursday.

New Government Made Up of CIA Pawns

10 June 2004 | CounterPunch

Iraqis from both the Shia and Sunni communities repeatedly said that they longed for the violence to end but they not believe that the US would hand over real power. The US will keep 138,000 troops in Iraq after handover.

PM ‘delusional’ over Iraq WMD, says inspector

6 June 2004 | Observer

Tony Blair was branded ‘delusional’ yesterday over his continued insistence that weapons of mass destruction might still be found in Iraq. The charge was made by the man who headed the hunt.

The lying game

1 June 2004 | Independent

An A-Z of the Iraq war and its aftermath, focusing on misrepresentation, manipulation, and mistakes.

Who killed Nick Berg?

29 May 2004 | Sydney Morning Herald

Conspiracy theories about how the kidnapped American died in Iraq are flying around the world. Richard Neville explores the explanations.

Blair tried to block US inquiry into WMD

27 May 2004 | Guardian

Downing Street attempted to block the White House from holding a bipartisan inquiry into the failure to uncover weapons of mass destruction in Iraq because Tony Blair was in “denial” about the issue, a new book discloses today.

How a secret Pentagon program came to Abu Ghraib

24 May 2004 | New Yorker

The roots of the Abu Ghraib prison scandal lie not in the criminal inclinations of a few Army reservists but in a decision, approved last year by Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, to expand a highly secret operation, which had been focussed on the hunt for Al Qaeda, to the interrogation of prisoners in Iraq.

Beheading of Berg — now it's a conspiracy

23 May 2004 | Times

For most people the videotaped execution of Nicholas Berg was a graphic reminder of the risks involved in waging war on a violent terrorist enemy. For others, however, it was evidence of a conspiracy.

Berg beheading: No way, say medical experts

22 May 2004 | Asia Times

American businessman Nicholas Berg's body was found on May 8 near a Baghdad overpass; a video of his supposed decapitation death by knife appeared on an alleged al-Qaeda-linked website on May 11. But according to what both a leading surgical authority and a noted forensic death expert separately told Asia Times Online, the video depicting the decapitation appears to have been staged.

Diplomat's E-Mails Show Berg in Custody

14 May 2004 | Associated Press

Family members provided e-mails Thursday that say Nicholas Berg was held by the U.S. military before he was kidnapped and beheaded, but the government contends the messages were based on erroneous information.

War in Iraq, ‘petro-dollar’ and the challenge by euro

30 April 2004 | Dr Bulent Gokay

There were many factors related to the Iraqi oil, driving Bush administration to intervene in Iraq militarily. But the biggest one seems to be about the currency used to trade oil: the role of preserving the dollar as the world's reserve currency.

Prober: I knew in days U.S. ‘wrong’ on WMD

5 April 2004 | Daily News

The CIA's former weapons hunter in Iraq realized within days of arriving in Baghdad last summer that dictator Saddam Hussein was no longer stockpiling a banned arsenal, according to a new report.

Powell admits Iraq evidence mistake

3 April 2004 | BBC News

US Secretary of State Colin Powell has admitted that evidence he submitted to the United Nations to justify war on Iraq may have been wrong.

Special Investigation: Poisoned?

3 April 2004 | Daily News

Four soldiers from a New York Army National Guard company serving in Iraq are contaminated with radiation likely caused by dust from depleted uranium shells fired by U.S. troops, a Daily News investigation has found.

There Are No Words... Radiation in Iraq Equals 250,000 Nagasaki Bombs

27 March 2004 | Dissident Voice

This story is about American weapons built with Uranium components for the business end of things. Just about all American bullets, tank shells, missiles, dumb bombs, smart bombs, 500 and 2,000 pound bombs, cruise missiles, and anything else engineered to help our side in the war of us against them has Uranium in it. Lots of Uranium.

Halliburton faces criminal probe

23 February 2004 | CNN

The Pentagon's investigation into allegations a Halliburton subsidiary may have overcharged for gasoline delivered to Iraq last year is now a criminal probe, the Pentagon said Monday.

Yes, Minister!

14 February 2004 | Uri Avnery

Common sense would say: Bush & Blair were ‘deceived’, because they wanted to be deceived. Bush and the Neo-cons who have taken over Washington had decided from the beginning to attack Iraq, mainly in order to control the oil, and the tales of WMD were designed to provide a pretext that would frighten the masses.

Kurds turn against US after losing control over oil-rich land

21 January 2004 | Independent

Iraqi Kurds, the one Iraqi community that has broadly supported the American occupation, are expressing growing anger at the failure of the United States and its allies to give them full control of their own affairs and allow the Kurds to expel Arabs placed in Kurdistan by Saddam Hussein.

Bush admits he wanted regime change before 11 September

13 January 2004 | Scotsman

The United States president, George Bush, yesterday appeared to support claims made by one of his former advisers that he was intent on invading Iraq long before the 11 September attacks triggered a more aggressive focus to US foreign policy, saying his administration was “for regime change”.

US ready to seize Gulf oil in 1973

2 January 2004 | BBC News

The United States considered using force to seize oilfields in the Middle East during an oil embargo by Arab states in 1973, according to British government documents just made public.

Revealed: how MI6 sold the Iraq war

28 December 2003 | Times

The Secret Intelligence Service has run an operation to gain public support for sanctions and the use of military force in Iraq. The government yesterday confirmed that MI6 had organised Operation Mass Appeal, a campaign to plant stories in the media about Saddam Hussein's weapons of mass destruction.

Still no mass weapons, no ties to 9/11, no truth

17 December 2003 | Boston Globe

The invasion was still a lie. The capture of Saddam Hussein changes nothing about that. There were too many forked tongues in the road to his lair. The way we removed the dictator, we became a global dictatorship.

Wash. Congressman questions Saddam timing

16 December 2003 | Associated Press

The Washington congressman who criticized President Bush while visiting Baghdad last year has questioned the timing of the capture of deposed Iraqi President Saddam Hussein.

Jessica Lynch Captures Saddam: Ex-dictator Demands Back Pay from Baker

14 December 2003 | Greg Palast

Former Iraqi strongman Saddam Hussein was taken into custody yesterday at approximately 8:30pm Baghdad time. Various television executives, White House spin doctors and propaganda experts at the Pentagon are at this time wrestling with the question of whether to claim PFC Jessica Lynch seized the ex-potentate or that Saddam surrendered after close hand-to-hand combat with current Iraqi strongman Paul Bremer III.

GCHQ whistleblower charged

14 November 2003 | Guardian

A sacked GCHQ employee charged yesterday under the Official Secrets Act said last night that her alleged disclosures exposed serious wrongdoing by the US and could have helped to prevent the deaths of Iraqis and British forces in an “illegal war”.

David Kelly and Victoria's Secret

12 November 2003 | Medium Rare

No, it's not the Victoria's Secret of the soft porn lingerie ads. This is a different Victoria who may have innocently provided the final impetus for the assassination of David Kelly.

Blair waged war illegally, say leading lawyers

2 November 2003 | Independent

Tony Blair is facing a formal complaint to the international war-crimes tribunal by a panel of senior international legal experts for unlawfully waging war in Iraq.

Cheney's hawks ‘hijacking policy’

30 October 2003 | Sydney Morning Herald

A former Pentagon officer turned whistleblower says a group of hawks in the Bush Administration, including the Vice-President, Dick Cheney, is running a shadow foreign policy, contravening Washington's official line.

Chomsky: Bush may invent another ‘threat’

30 October 2003 | Reuters

Leading linguist and commentator Noam Chomsky has said President George Bush will have to “manufacture” another threat to American security to win re-election in 2004 after US failure in occupying Iraq.

The Murder of David Kelly (part two)

19 October 2003 | Medium Rare

In this last part, we will look at Kelly's involvement in and/or knowledge of the secrets of several governments so explosive that once he was adjudged “unreliable” he had to be eliminated.

The Murder of David Kelly (part one)

14 October 2003 | Medium Rare

This first part lays out the case from the evidence presented in the Hutton inquiry why the death of Dr. David Kelly was not by suicide. Part two will show the reasons, in this writer's opinion, Dr. Kelly was killed.

Survey Group head's link to arms industry

5 October 2003 | Independent

For at least 10 years David Kay, head of the Iraq Survey Group, has staked his professional and business reputation on the case that Iraq was a serious threat.

Oil companies step up development talks

29 September 2003 | Financial Times

International oil companies are stepping up discussions over the development of Iraqi oil fields under Ibrahim Mohammed Bahar al-Uloum, the country's new oil minister, and Robert McKee, the US's newly-appointed lead adviser on oil matters there.

CIA paid mullahs to counter anti-US feeling

24 September 2003 | Scotsman

The CIA paid mullahs and created fake Islamic religious leaders to preach a moderate message and counter anti-American sentiment in the Arab world after the 11 September attacks, a new book claims.

The Big Lie

22 September 2003 | Mirror

John Pilger Reveals WMDs Were Just a Pretext for Planned War on Iraq.

Straw ‘begged Blair’ not to join Iraq war

14 September 2003 | Scotsman

Tony Blair found himself embroiled in a fresh Iraq crisis last night after it was claimed Foreign Secretary Jack Straw made a desperate last-minute plea for him to call off the war.

Meacher sparks fury over claims on September 11 and Iraq war

6 September 2003 | Guardian

Michael Meacher, who served as a minister for six years until three months ago, today goes further than any other mainstream British politician in blaming the Iraq war on a US desire for domination of the Gulf and the world.

Most of U.S. forces withdrawn from Saudi Arabia

28 August 2003 | Associated Press

The Pentagon has withdrawn most of its forces from the strategic Mideast nation of Saudi Arabia, ending a decade-long buildup started after the first war against Iraq's Saddam Hussein.

Australian case for Iraq war was ‘fabricated’

23 August 2003 | Independent

The Australian government “skewed, misrepresented, used selectively and fabricated” the intelligence used to justify its decision to send troops to Iraq, a parliamentary inquiry in Canberra was told yesterday.

Australia too ‘sexed up’ defence dossier

22 August 2003 | Rediff

A former Australian intelligence officer has accused Canberra of exaggerating the threat posed by weapons of mass destruction in possession of Saddam Hussein's regime, reports CNN.

No 10 knew: Iraq no threat

19 August 2003 | Guardian

One of the prime minister's closest advisers issued a private warning that it would be wrong for Tony Blair to claim Iraq's banned weapons programme showed Saddam Hussein presented an “imminent threat” to the west or even his Arab neighbours.

As ordered, it's about oil

8 August 2003 | San Francisco Chronicle

A potentially explosive executive order has just been discovered by SEEN, the Sustainable Energy and Economy Network. Signed on May 22, it appears to give U.S. oil companies in Iraq blanket immunity from lawsuits and criminal prosecution.

MoD tried to burn Kelly ‘media plan’

2 August 2003 | Telegraph

Ministry of Defence officials were preparing to destroy a “media plan” about Dr David Kelly three days after his death, the Telegraph learned yesterday.

MoD Tried to Destroy Kelly Files

2 August 2003 | Mirror

Defence chiefs were preparing to burn paperwork with Dr David Kelly's name on it three days after his death, it emerged last night.

Crude Vision: The Secret History of the Aqaba Pipeline

29 July 2003 | Guerrilla News Network

The real reason Donald Rumsfeld was sent to Baghdad in December 1983: Rumsfeld, under direct instructions from the White House, was there to convince Saddam Hussein to approve a highly lucrative, and highly secret, oil pipeline project from Iraq to Jordan.

Kelly ‘warned of dark actors' games’

19 July 2003 | BBC News

Iraq weapons expert Dr David Kelly reportedly warned of “many dark actors playing games” in an e-mail sent hours before he bled to death from a slashed wrist.

The spies who pushed for war

17 July 2003 | Guardian

Julian Borger reports on the shadow rightwing intelligence network set up in Washington to second-guess the CIA and deliver a justification for toppling Saddam Hussein by force.

20 Lies About the War

13 July 2003 | Independent

Falsehoods ranging from exaggeration to plain untruth were used to make the case for war. More lies are being used in the aftermath.

Outrage at US plan to mortgage Iraqi oil

13 July 2003 | Observer

American plans to mortgage Iraq's future oil supplies to pay for expensive postwar reconstruction work risk a repeat of mistakes made with Germany after the First World War, debt relief campaigners said this weekend.

U.S., UK giants get bulk of Iraqi crude

10 July 2003 | Gulf News

BP PLC and Royal Dutch/Shell Group said yesterday they have each won the right to purchase 2 million barrels of Iraqi crude in what industry sources said was the first sale of crude pumped in Iraq since war ended.

Lying Pays Off

10 July 2003 | News Insider

Neo-Cons Learn from Past Nazi Leaders.

CIA and DoD Attempted To Plant WMDs in Iraq, and Failed

2 July 2003 | Environmentalists Against War

According to a stunning report posted by a retired Navy Lt. Commander and 28-year veteran of the Defense Department, the Bush administration's assurance about finding weapons of mass destruction in Iraq was based on a CIA plan to “plant” WMDs inside the country. Nelda Rogers, the Pentagon whistleblower, claims the plan failed when the secret mission was mistakenly taken out by “friendly fire.”

Iraq-Israel oil pipeline ‘to reopen’

21 June 2003 | Telegraph

Israel's finance minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, predicted yesterday that the British-era oil pipeline from Iraq's northern oilfields through Jordan to the Israeli port city of Haifa would be reopened.

Paper apologises to Galloway

20 June 2003 | BBC News

An American newspaper has apologised to Glasgow Labour MP George Galloway after alleging that he accepted millions of pounds from Saddam Hussein.

Without WMDs, it's got to be the oil

20 June 2003 | Seattle PI

Oil is to die for. More to the point, oil is precious enough for the government to send off your children, your husbands, your wives, your partners, your brothers and your sisters to die for. That is a rapidly escalating conclusion as American soldiers continue to die at the rate of one a day in Iraq without any major perturbation in Congress or disturbance from the American people.

Short: I was briefed on Blair's secret war pact

18 June 2003 | Guardian

Senior figures in the intelligence community and across Whitehall briefed the former international development secretary Clare Short that Tony Blair had made a secret agreement last summer with George Bush to invade Iraq in February or March, she claimed yesterday.

ChevronTexaco wins Iraq contract

13 June 2003 | San Francisco Chronicle

ChevronTexaco and five other companies have won contracts for 10 million barrels of Iraqi crude, paving the way for the first oil exports from that nation since just before U.S. and British forces attacked in March.

No Iraq at OPEC Until U.S. Leaves Baghdad

11 June 2003 | Reuters

OPEC cannot permit Iraq to attend meetings of the cartel while Baghdad remains under the rule of an occupying U.S.-led authority, oil ministers said on Wednesday.

Revealed: the secret cabal which spun for Blair

8 June 2003 | Sunday Herald

Britain ran a covert ‘dirty tricks’ operation designed specifically to produce misleading intelligence that Saddam had weapons of mass destruction to give the UK a justifiable excuse to wage war on Iraq.

U.S. troops intercept 3rd ‘gold truck’ fleeing Iraq

8 June 2003 | Orlando Sentinel

Another battered truck hauling what appears to be a dazzling fortune in gold bars was stopped at a routine U.S. Army checkpoint in Iraq on Wednesday, the third such cache of bullion seized in two weeks.

Iraq returns to international oil market

5 June 2003 | Financial Times

Iraq on Thursday stepped back into the international oil market for the first time since the war, offering 10m barrels of oil from its storage tanks for sale to the highest bidder.

Bush special office ‘justified war’

31 May 2003 | Guardian

After the revelations that both Jack Straw and Colin Powell were concerned about the flimsy nature of intelligence on Iraqi weapons of mass destruction, attention has focused on the US unit set up to make the case for war.

US troops ‘encouraged’ Iraqi looters

6 May 2003 | BBC News

General Tommy Franks is threatened with a Belgian war crimes trial alleging US troops failed to prevent looting in Iraq. BBC News Online uncovers evidence suggesting his soldiers even egged on some looters.

Bechtel tied to bin Ladens

5 May 2003 | CNN Money

The Bush administration launched a war on terror because of the alleged acts of Osama bin Laden. Ironically, one of the companies the administration has picked to rebuild Iraq after the latest phase of that war has ties to bin Laden's family, according to a published report.

Military to leave Saudi Arabia: U.S. moving amid strained relations

30 April 2003 | Chicago Tribune

Marking the end of an era, the United States will soon withdraw about 7,000 U.S. military personnel from Saudi Arabia and terminate a significant military presence there that lasted more than a decade, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld announced Tuesday.

US pulls out of Saudi Arabia

29 April 2003 | BBC News

The United States has said that virtually all its troops, except some training personnel, are to be pulled out of Saudi Arabia.

It's the Oil, Stupid

24 April 2003 | Nation

On the second day of the invasion of Iraq, US commandos seized two Iraqi offshore oil terminals in the Persian Gulf, capturing their defenders without a fight. “Swooping silently out of the Persian Gulf night,” exulted James Dao of the New York Times, Navy SEALs claimed “a bloodless victory in the battle for Iraq's vast oil empire.”

Oil from Iraq: An Israeli pipedream?

16 April 2003 | Foreign Report

Israel stands to benefit greatly from the US led war on Iraq, primarily by getting rid of an implacable foe in President Saddam Hussein and the threat from the weapons of mass destruction he was alleged to possess. But it seems the Israelis have other things in mind.

Secret deals alleged between US, Iraqi generals

14 April 2003 | Press Trust of India

The low level of resistance against the US-led invasion could be because Iraqi generals struck secret deals with Washington, Russia's Ambassador in Iraq, Vladimir Titorenko who returned home from the war-zone said today.

Iran continues to raise secret deal claim

14 April 2003 | Gulf News

An Iranian news agency close to top conservative military figures attributed the fall of Baghdad to a secret tripartite agreement between Saddam Hussain, Russia and the U.S.

Saddam Key in Early CIA Plot

11 April 2003 | United Press International

U.S. forces in Baghdad might now be searching high and low for Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein, but in the past Saddam was seen by U.S. intelligence services as a bulwark of anti-communism and they used him as their instrument for more than 40 years, according to former U.S. intelligence diplomats and intelligence officials.

It Was All Planned Long Ago

8 April 2003 | Mirror

Take pride in the courage of Our Boys, feel relieved your building society shares are soaring, and enjoy the Hollywood choreography as America raises the Stars and Stripes in Baghdad.

Blair told Bush: Taliban, then Iraq

4 April 2003 | Evening Standard

Tony Blair had to persuade George Bush to tackle the Taliban before attacking Iraq in the weeks after September 11, the former British Ambassador to Washington has revealed.

Battle of the Washington think tanks

3 April 2003 | BBC News

While the tanks are moving towards Baghdad, the Washington think tanks are manoeuvring for influence in shaping the interpretation of the war.

Candidate for Production Job is a Retired Shell Executive

2 April 2003 | New York Times

A former chief executive of the Shell Oil Company appears to be the leading contender to oversee Iraqi oil production after the fall of Saddam Hussein, industry experts who spoke to the Bush administration said yesterday.

Oil War

26 March 2003 | Money Programme, BBC

The advocates of war insist it's not about oil. But global oil production is on the brink of terminal decline and when the West begins to run short of supplies — Iraq could be a lifeline.

British manufacturer's weapons linked to hidden cache of missiles

24 March 2003 | Scotsman

British troops mopping up Iraqi opposition outside Basra have discovered a large cache of weapons, including Russian-made cruise missiles and warheads, hidden inside fortified bunkers at a massive arsenal abandoned by Saddam Hussein's disintegrating southern army.

Pentagon hawk linked to UK intelligence company

21 March 2003 | Guardian

Amid general stock market jitters, one British company linked to the American hawk Richard Perle and dealing with secret intelligence is among the few UK commercial organisations that stand to profit from the Iraq war and its accompanying worldwide terrorist alert.

A Tyrant 40 Years in the Making

14 March 2003 | New York Times

On the brink of war, both supporters and critics of United States policy on Iraq agree on the origins, at least, of the haunted relations that have brought us to this pass: America's dealings with Saddam Hussein, justifiable or not, began some two decades ago with its shadowy, expedient support of his regime in the Iraq-Iran war of the 1980's.

Thatcher backed British firm in building ‘chemical weapons’ plant in Iraq

13 March 2003 | World Socialist Web Site

Documents newly disclosed by the Guardian newspaper in relation to the Falluja 2 plant are extremely embarrassing for both the British and by extension the US government. They reveal that the plant's building was undertaken by a British company and underwritten through insurance guarantees by the Conservative government of Margaret Thatcher.

Were 1998 Memos a Blueprint for War?

10 March 2003 | ABC News

Years before George W. Bush entered the White House, and years before the Sept. 11 attacks set the direction of his presidency, a group of influential neo-conservatives hatched a plan to get Saddam Hussein out of power.

Revealed: 17 British firms armed Saddam with his weapons

23 February 2003 | Sunday Herald

Seventeen British companies who supplied Iraq with nuclear, biological, chemical, rocket and conventional weapons technology are to be investigated and could face prosecution following a Sunday Herald investigation.

Russia pushing for more Iraq oil deals before war

21 February 2003 | Reuters

Russia is planning a last-minute push to clinch new oilfield contracts with Iraq in the final weeks before any U.S.-led war against Baghdad, oil industry sources said on Friday.

German minister slams US ‘war for oil’ policy

19 February 2003 | Reuters

A German cabinet minister has poured fuel on the flames of a transatlantic row over Iraq by saying the United States is pursuing its own oil interests in its conflict with Baghdad.

What do the Imperial Mafia really want?

18 February 2003 | William Blum

Which is the more remarkable — that the United States can openly announce to the world its determination to invade a sovereign nation and overthrow its government in the absence of any attack or threat of attack from the intended target? Or that for an entire year the world has been striving to figure out what the superpower's real intentions are?

Battle looming over post-Saddam oil

17 February 2003 | Agence France-Presse

As the growing beat of war drums sounds the threat of war in Iraq, international oil majors and their governments are preparing for the battle to stake claims on Iraq's vast oil reserves, the second-biggest in the world.

Blair's Betrayal: Part 2

11 February 2003 | ZNet

In Part 1 we showed how Tony Blair profoundly misled the British public on the ‘threat’ posed by Iraq's alleged weapons of mass destruction (WMD) during a recent BBC2 Newsnight interview and debate.

Questions over US troops' Saudi future

10 February 2003 | BBC News

Saudi Arabia says a report suggesting it will ask United States forces to leave after the Iraq crisis is speculative. The New York Times reported on Sunday that the decision was the result of a far-reaching debate within the ruling family about the country's future.

Oil, Currency and the War on Iraq

6 February 2003 | Cóilín Nunan

It will not come as news to anyone that the US dominates the world economically and militarily. But the exact mechanisms by which American hegemony has been established and maintained are perhaps less well understood than they might be. One tool used to great effect has been the dollar, but its efficacy has recently been under threat since Europe introduced the euro.

A War Crime Or an Act of War?

31 January 2003 | New York Times

All we know for certain is that Kurds were bombarded with poison gas that day at Halabja. We cannot say with any certainty that Iraqi chemical weapons killed the Kurds. This is not the only distortion in the Halabja story.

US warns that bioterror attack is inevitable

26 January 2003 | Financial Times

The US warned on Sunday night that a bioterrorist attack that could kill thousands was inevitable and urged industrial and developing nations to spend tens of billions of dollars more to gear up medical systems to cope with the threat.

Iraq's beleaguered oil industry

23 January 2003 | BBC News

With the world's second largest oil reserves, Iraq has vast potential to help feed the global thirst for oil. But after two decades of war and sanctions, the industry desperately needs funds only foreign investors can offer.

UK signals push to secure Iraqi oilfields

8 January 2003 | Sydney Morning Herald

As United States and British forces accelerate their build-up for war against Saddam Hussein, control of Iraq's huge oil reserves after any conflict has emerged explicitly as an issue in the campaign.

Turkey sets sights on oilfields

8 January 2003 | Age

Turkey, one of Washington's most important allies against Saddam Hussein, believes it may have a historical stake in Iraq's northern oilfields.

Straw admits oil is key priority

7 January 2003 | Guardian

The foreign secretary, Jack Straw, yesterday pinpointed for the first time security of energy sources as a key priority of British foreign policy. Mr Straw listed energy as one of seven foreign policy priorities when he addressed a meeting of 150 British ambassadors in London.

Depending on oil

6 January 2003 | Financial Times

Is the US really after Iraq's oil, rather than Saddam Hussein's weapons?

Rumsfeld ‘offered help to Saddam’

31 December 2002 | Guardian

The Reagan administration and its special Middle East envoy, Donald Rumsfeld, did little to stop Iraq developing weapons of mass destruction in the 1980s, even though they knew Saddam Hussein was using chemical weapons “almost daily” against Iran, it was reported yesterday.

How US helped Iraq build deadly arsenal

31 December 2002 | Times

Donald Rumsfeld, the US Defence Secretary and one of the most strident critics of Saddam Hussein, met the Iraqi President in 1983 to ease the way for US companies to sell Baghdad biological and chemical weapons components, including anthrax and bubonic plague cultures, according to newly declassified US Government documents.

America tore out 8,000 pages of Iraq dossier

22 December 2002 | Sunday Herald

The United States edited out more than 8,000 crucial pages of Iraq's 11,800-page dossier on weapons, before passing on a sanitized version to the 10 non-permanent members of the United Nations security council.

British suppliers ‘named in Iraqi dossier’

18 December 2002 | Financial Times

Seventeen British companies are named in Iraq's 12,000-page declaration to the United Nations as having helped Baghdad's weapons programmes, a German newspaper reports on Thursday.

Crucial US allies on Iraq fall out over oil

1 November 2002 | Guardian

Two of the United States' closest strategic allies in its campaign against Saddam Hussein — Turkey and the autonomous Kurdish enclave in northern Iraq — have fallen out amid a chorus of belligerent pre-election rhetoric.

Dear Saddam, my firm would be delighted to do business...

31 October 2002 | Guardian

As the reviled leader of a country crippled by sanctions and open to invasion, Saddam Hussein does not automatically spring to mind as a good business prospect. But yesterday it emerged that the Iraqi president's email in-box contains not only thousands of eulogies but a surprising number of offers from western companies seeking work.

US warned not to seize control of Iraqi oil

31 October 2002 | Sydney Morning Herald

The chief executive of BP, Lord Browne, has warned Washington not to carve up Iraq for its own oil companies in the aftermath of any future war.

Iraqis target Prince Andrew at arms fair

17 October 2002 | Guardian

Prince Andrew had an embarrassing encounter with an Iraqi delegation in Jordan yesterday while attending an arms fair to promote British exports.

Outrage as Iraq views UK arms

13 October 2002 | Observer

Peace campaigners angered as Saddam's top brass ‘rub shoulders’ with British firms at weapons bazaar.

Postwar Iraqi oil plan

11 October 2002 | Daily News

U.S. energy industry experts are poised to modernize Iraq's vast oil production facilities to help cover the tab for billions of dollars in postwar reconstruction.

Germans ‘shopped for guns for Iraq’

10 October 2002 | Times

Germany's role in helping to rearm Iraq will come under fresh scrutiny after two businessmen were accused of acquiring equipment for President Saddam Hussein's much-coveted supercannon.

Oil has always been top of Bush's foreign-policy agenda

7 October 2002 | Sydney Morning Herald

As the United States prepares for war with Iraq, a report commissioned early in George Bush's presidency has surfaced, showing that the US knew it was running out of oil and foreshadowing the possible need for military intervention to secure supplies.

LUKoil Gets Guarantees Over Iraq

7 October 2002 | Moscow Times

President Vladimir Putin has assured LUKoil, the nation's largest oil producer, that its valuable assets in Iraq will be protected whether or not Saddam Hussein is driven from power, LUKoil president Vagit Alekperov told the Financial Times in an interview published Friday.

Official: US oil at the heart of Iraq crisis

6 October 2002 | Sunday Herald

President Bush's Cabinet agreed in April 2001 that ‘Iraq remains a destabilizing influence to the flow of oil to international markets from the Middle East’ and because this is an unacceptable risk to the US ‘military intervention’ is necessary.

‘The Right to Bomb Niggers’

1 October 2002 | Adam Porter, GNN

“Britain reserves the right to bomb niggers.” It isn't a well known policy of the British government, it rarely makes it into party manifestos before elections. Not even in the small print, only in the deceptions. Only in the decisions.

What the White House really wants

28 September 2002 | Sydney Morning Herald

The unifying element in an often-contradictory US foreign policy is the dream of toppling OPEC and controlling the world oil market. And Iraq is the key, writes Paul McGeough from Riyadh.

Oil companies waiting to pounce in Iraq

27 September 2002 | New Zealand Herald

Oil companies around the world are manoeuvring themselves for the multibillion-dollar bonanza that would follow the ousting of Saddam Hussein.

S Africa denies Iraq nuclear link

26 September 2002 | BBC News

The South African government says categorically it has not been approached to sell uranium to Iraq. South Africa's deputy foreign minister Aziz Pahad says his government will ask the British Government to clarify “vague statements” made in Prime Minister Tony Blair's Iraq dossier published this week.

Iraq takes journalists on tour to expose Blair ‘lies’

25 September 2002 | Independent

At the al-Qa'qa complex, 30 miles south of Baghdad, one of Iraq's main centres for producing nerve agents — according to Tony Blair's “dossier” — the director-general, Sinan Rasim Said, declared yesterday he would welcome United Nations inspectors to expose the “lies”.

Ashcroft's Baghdad Connection

25 September 2002 | Newsweek

When the White House released its Sept. 12 “white paper” detailing Saddam Hussein's “support for international terrorism,” it caused more than a little discomfort in some quarters of Washington.

U.S. plans war to control Iraq's oil wealth: experts

23 September 2002 | Indo-Asian News Service

The U.S. is talking of war with Iraq not because Baghdad has allegedly amassed weapons of mass destruction but to control the country's huge oil reserves, say Indian analysts and oil industry sources.

Saudi Arabia Pressures Saddam

16 September 2002 | CBS News

In a shift likely to put more pressure on Saddam Hussein, Saudi Arabia's foreign minister said Sunday that U.S. forces may have access to bases in the kingdom to attack Iraq — provided military action has United Nations endorsement.

Saddam ouster near, firms eye Iraq oil fields

16 September 2002 | Indian Express

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein's ouster by the US could benefit American oil companies long banished from Iraq, scuttling Baghdad's oil deals with Russia and France among other countries and reshuffling world petroleum markets.

Spotlight on detained Kurd leader

14 September 2002 | BBC News

Several countries have shown an interest in the leader of a Kurdish rebel group with alleged links to al-Qaeda, who has been arrested in the Netherlands.

Exclusive: Scott Ritter in His Own Words

14 September 2002 | Time

Time's Massimo Calabresi asked the voluble former marine about his recent private trip to Baghdad, Jane Fonda, and accusations he's a spy for Israel, Iraq or Russia.

U.S. Supplies, Calibrates and Endorses Use of Chemical Weapons in Iraq

10 September 2002 | American Gulf War Veterans Association

As the Bush administration works to gain world support to conduct a pre-emptive strike against Iraq, new disturbing information has surfaced with regard to U.S. involvement in the development of Iraq's chemical and biological weapons program.

Former weapons inspector: Iraq not a threat

9 September 2002 | CNN

Former U.N. weapons inspector Scott Ritter told the Iraqi National Assembly on Sunday that his country, the United States, “seems to be on the verge of making a historical mistake” in its calls for ousting Iraqi President Saddam Hussein.

How did Iraq get its weapons? We sold them

8 September 2002 | Sunday Herald

The US and Britain sold Saddam Hussein the technology and materials Iraq needed to develop nuclear, chemical and biological weapons of mass destruction.

US pushes Middle East arms sales

6 September 2002 | BBC News

The US has recommended that Congress approve $2.86bn in arms deals with foreign countries including Egypt and the United Arab Emirates. The sales come as the US escalates its military action in Iraq and threatens to start a war.

US helped as Saddam plotted chemical attacks, report says

19 August 2002 | Guardian

The US conducted a covert military campaign to help Iraq during its war with Iran, despite knowing that Baghdad intended to use chemical weapons in a number of battles, according to a report in the New York Times.

The logic of empire

6 August 2002 | Guardian

The US is now a threat to the rest of the world. The sensible response is non-cooperation.

Iran renews call for oil embargo

30 April 2002 | BBC News

The Iranian oil minister has renewed his country's call for Islamic states to impose an oil embargo on Israel and its allies in support of the Palestinians.

Scott Ritter

19 March 2002 | Salon

The controversial former chief U.N. weapons inspector in Iraq says Saddam's weapons of mass destruction are largely disarmed, the “Iraqi threat” is built on a framework of lies and President Bush has betrayed the American people.

The campaign issue that wasn't

13 November 2000 | San Francisco Bay Guardian

During former defense secretary Richard Cheney's five-year tenure as chief executive of Halliburton, Inc., his oil services firm raked in big bucks from dubious commercial dealings with Iraq. Cheney left Halliburton with a $34 million retirement package last July when he became the GOP's vice-presidential candidate.

US Ambassador to Iraq April Glaspie

27 May 1999 | Christian Science Monitor

Eight days before his Aug. 2, 1990, invasion of Kuwait, Saddam Hussein met with April Glaspie, then America's ambassador to Iraq. It was the last high-level contact between the two countries before Iraq went to war. From a translation of Iraq's transcript of the meeting, released that September, press and pundits concluded that Ms. Glaspie had (in effect) given Saddam a green light to invade.

Saddam's ‘Green Light’

1996 | Consortium

In 1980, Iraq's Saddam Hussein was suddenly a bigtime international ‘player,’ invited to the gaudy palaces of the Saudi Arabian monarchy. But there was an ulterior motive behind the flattering invitation: Saddam's army was the new protector of the petro-rich against the Iranian hordes.

Saudi Arabia

Bandar “Bush” Named as 9/11 Planner in 28 Pages

15 July 2016 | Veterans Today

The long-awaited 28 pages of a 2002 congressional report on the 9/11 attacks have been released. The document indicates that prominent members of the Saudi Arabian government were involved in planning and financing the terror attacks.

Documents Back Saudi Link to Extremists

23 June 2009 | New York Times

Documents gathered by lawyers for the families of Sept. 11 victims provide new evidence of extensive financial support for Al Qaeda and other extremist groups by members of the Saudi royal family, but the material may never find its way into court because of legal and diplomatic obstacles.

Pinning the blame for 9/11

31 May 2008 | Inquirer

Special Report: A Phila. law firm wages an epic legal battle to win billions from Saudi Arabia.

BAE: secret papers reveal threats from Saudi prince

15 February 2008 | Guardian

Saudi Arabia's rulers threatened to make it easier for terrorists to attack London unless corruption investigations into their arms deals were halted, according to court documents revealed yesterday.

Bush told Blair of ‘going beyond Iraq’

15 October 2005 | Guardian

George Bush told Tony Blair shortly before the invasion of Iraq that he intended to target other countries, including Saudi Arabia, which, he implied, planned to acquire weapons of mass destruction.

Blair in secret Saudi mission

27 September 2005 | Guardian

Tony Blair and John Reid, the defence secretary, have been holding secret talks with Saudi Arabia in pursuit of a huge arms deal worth up to £40bn, according to diplomatic sources.

The Saudi Connection

29 October 2003 | the fifth estate, CBC News

Is it a conspiracy or a coincidence? There is a long and tangled history between the Bush family and the elite of Saudi Arabia.

US world leader in arms sales, Saudi Arabia no 1 buyer

15 October 2003 | Agence France-Presse

The United States sells more arms than any other country, and Saudi Arabia leads the world for buying arms among developing countries, a report from the International Institute of Strategic Studies (IISS) said Wednesday.

Saudi princes ‘linked’ to bin Laden

1 September 2003 | Telegraph

Strained Saudi-US relations were dealt another blow yesterday with the publication of allegations directly linking Osama bin Laden to leading Saudi princes.

Most of U.S. forces withdrawn from Saudi Arabia

28 August 2003 | Associated Press

The Pentagon has withdrawn most of its forces from the strategic Mideast nation of Saudi Arabia, ending a decade-long buildup started after the first war against Iraq's Saddam Hussein.

Report Links Saudis To 9/11

2 August 2003 | Los Angeles Times

The 27 pages deleted from a congressional report on the Sept. 11 attacks depict a Saudi government that not only provided significant money and aid to the suicide hijackers, but also allowed potentially hundreds of millions of dollars to flow to al-Qaida and other terrorist groups through suspect charities and other fronts, according to sources familiar with the document.

Saudis meet Bush for 9/11 talks

29 July 2003 | BBC News

Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Saud al-Faisal is in Washington for talks with President George W Bush about a controversial US report that linked Saudi Arabia to the 11 September attacks. The 900-page congressional report released last week suggested that people connected to the Saudi Government might have given financial support to the hijackers.

Shell, Total and Saudis strike historic gas deal

18 July 2003 | Bangkok Post

Royal/Dutch Shell and Total on Wednesday won the first western oil company rights to Saudi Arabia's huge energy reserves since the kingdom nationalised them in the 1970s.

Huge Saudi gas deals likely to die next week — sources

29 May 2003 | Reuters

Saudi Arabia's multibillion dollar gas opening will probably be dead and buried by next week barring a last-minute breakthrough between the world's top oil companies and Riyadh, industry sources said on Thursday.

Military to leave Saudi Arabia: U.S. moving amid strained relations

30 April 2003 | Chicago Tribune

Marking the end of an era, the United States will soon withdraw about 7,000 U.S. military personnel from Saudi Arabia and terminate a significant military presence there that lasted more than a decade, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld announced Tuesday.

US pulls out of Saudi Arabia

29 April 2003 | BBC News

The United States has said that virtually all its troops, except some training personnel, are to be pulled out of Saudi Arabia.

Saudi envoy in UK linked to 9/11

2 March 2003 | Observer

Riyadh's former intelligence chief, Prince Turki al-Faisal, has been accused in US court documents of helping to fund al-Qaeda.

Questions over US troops' Saudi future

10 February 2003 | BBC News

Saudi Arabia says a report suggesting it will ask United States forces to leave after the Iraq crisis is speculative. The New York Times reported on Sunday that the decision was the result of a far-reaching debate within the ruling family about the country's future.

Analysis: Tense times for Saudi Arabia

7 December 2002 | BBC News

An air of crisis has surrounded Saudi Arabia and its ruling family since 11 September 2001. All but four of the 19 men who carried out the suicide attacks are believed to have been Saudis and the man believed to be behind the attacks, Osama Bin Laden, was a Saudi citizen.

Ex-Saudi intelligence chief defends princess

26 November 2002 | CNN

A former chief of Saudi intelligence and brother of a Saudi princess Monday evening defended his sister against reports she may have been the source of funds that ended up in the hands of two of the September 11 hijackers.

Saudis stall western oilmen

10 September 2002 | Guardian

Any breakthrough by western oil groups into Saudi Arabia's massive gas exploration and development sector seems to have become a remote possibility.

Oil companies re-evaluate Saudi gas scheme

9 September 2002 | Financial Times

Oil company executives are considering whether to continue with $25bn of planned investments in the Saudi Arabian natural gas sector after receiving a final offer of commercial terms from Riyadh last week.

Saudis block access to natural gas by outside oil companies

9 September 2002 | CNN Money

In a move that could hurt relations between the United States and Saudi Arabia, the oil- and gas-rich country is refusing to open its most promising natural gas fields to outside companies, according to a published report Monday.

Dollar falls as Saudi investors ‘withdraw billions’

21 August 2002 | Guardian

The dollar today fell from recent highs against the euro and yen following a report that Saudi investors were pulling billions of dollars out of the US. According to the Financial Times, disgruntled Saudis have withdrawn as much as $200bn (£131bn) as relations between the US and Saudi Arabia come under increasing strain.

Banks to shut doors on Saudi royal cash

17 July 2002 | Guardian

Western banks may refuse deposits from members of the Saudi royal family under guidelines drawn up to identify “politically exposed” wealthy individuals whose assets could in future be confiscated.

Some Light Shed On Saudi Suspects

25 September 2001 | Washington Post

As many as a dozen of the 19 suicide hijackers who staged America's worst terrorist attack were young Saudis dedicated to fighting for Islamic causes, the majority of them with roots in a remote, southwestern region of their country that has been a center of religious dissent, according to a U.S. government official and experts on Saudi Arabia.

Saudis cancel US talks

10 September 2001 | BBC News

Saudi Arabia has cancelled high-level military talks with the United States in protest at Washington's support for Israel, according to a Saudi newspaper report.

Saudi Arabia snubs US again

10 September 2001 | BBC News

Reports from Saudi Arabia say it has cancelled its annual military co-operation talks with the United States in protest at what it sees as Washington's support for Israel.

Saddam attacks oil ‘conspiracy’

23 January 1999 | BBC News

Iraqi President Saddam Hussain has accused the USA, in collusion with Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, of working to manipulate the price of oil and negate Opec's oil-pricing policies.

Saudi Arabia Is Denounced By Baghdad: Saddam Turns Up Heat in Mideast

13 January 1999 | New York Times

The battle to sway Arab public opinion about Iraq broadened Tuesday as Baghdad accused Saudi Arabia's rulers of betraying the Arab cause and colluding with the United States to punish the Iraqi people — the first time that the government of Saddam Hussein has lashed out so pointedly against the leading conservative Arab government in the Gulf.